What Effects Does Cocaine Have On The Brain And Body

Introduction

Cocaine is basically an alkaloid and is sometimes known by the name of coke. Cocaine is one of those active pharmaceutical agents that make its users awake and alert. It is actually a cerebral stimulant that makes it possible to make people attentive. Cocaine is one of those drugs which contribute towards addiction and drug abuse up to a huge extent. It has been smoked, snorted, ingested and injected by a large number of people that have gone addicted to it. Here at Toronto assaultlawyer we have discussed all factors which effects brain and body.

History

Cocaine, being one of the most ancient pharmaceutical entities, has been used as a drug for at least previous 1200 years. Initially, it was introduced in the form of chewing leaves of coca plant by South Americans. For the first time, it was extracted as an active material from Brazilian coca leaves by a herbalist Garden. Later on, Java coca leaves were used as a source of cocaine. Its anesthetic activity was discovered in 1870.

Effects on Cocaine on brain and body

Cocaine has a variety of uses. Cocaine is a potent drug that causes extraordinary alteration of normal homeostasis of the body. The effects of Cocaine may be short term as well as long term. The target regions for these effects may range from the brain to whole body system. The most prominent and basic effects of Cocaine on the brain and body are discussed in details below:

Short term effects

The short term effects of cocaine on body and brain may last from 30 minutes to 2 hours. These effects include;

Mental Alertness

Cocaine has a tremendous influential effect on the nervous system, especially brain. It shows its effects on the nervous system by various mechanisms. Some people feel extremely alert and attentive after Cocaine intake. Cocaine makes a person hypersensitive to the environmental fluctuations. He or she may react exaggeratedly to the sounds, sights and touching. It means that the sensory organs develop a higher level of alertness with this drug. But this effect doesn’t last for too long and is abolished soon. On addiction to cocaine, one may not be able to perform normally without cocaine intake.

Extreme pleasure and energy

Cocaine users, soon after its intake, get a short term feelings of unexplained gladness and energy. The users of cocaine forget about the miseries of life. This all happens because of inhibition of uptake of a neurotransmitter, Dopamine, that send a signal to others nerve cells. Usually, people become addicted to cocaine to get such feelings on regular basis.

Hyperthermia

Cocaine causes the failure of heat regulating mechanism that resides in the brain due to which the temperature of the body stays above the normal range. This situation is called as hyperthermia.

Miscellaneous effects

Other short term effects of Cocaine may include;
 Hallucination
 Dilated Pupils
 Convulsions and illusions
 Higher heart rate
 Sleep Disturbances

Long term Effects

The Long term effects of Cocaine on the brain and body are discussed below;

Effects on Brain

 Cocaine may cause death of cerebral cells bydecreasing the flow of blood to the brain.
 Usually the addicts cannot enjoy a normal sleep without cocaine intake and so suffers from insomnia.
 Extreme fatigue and drowsiness may be observed in certain users due to alteration of normal mechanism of the nervous system.
 A fluctuation of the eating desire is observed in certain individuals.

Effects on Body

i- Nose
Cocaine use may result in a watery nose in certain individuals.
ii-Throat
The users of cocaine especially those who are addicted to it usually suffers from a sore throat due to cocaine intake.
iii-Lungs
Expectoration of blood with coughing also results in some individuals. Difficulty in breathing may also be observed due to the bronchoconstrictive effects of cocaine.
Iv-Heart
Constricting abilities of cocaine on the blood vessels sometimes may result in heart attack and other associated cardiac problems.
v-Skin
Severe itching is caused by many people as a result of cocaine administration.